In the pursuit to keep all the systems in the textile industry in order, it is advisable to have proper supply chain management. Supply chain management is the oversight of material and finances as they move in a process, from supplier to manufacturer and along the production chain. It is believed that the ultimate goal of any effective supply chain management system is to make the product available when needed.
The challenges faced by the industry in the transport supply chain is ranging from surface transport or sea transport. Within India, the majority of the supply process is done through road transport. Most of the challenges faced are the non-availability of the proper type of conveying truck to transport the required quantity. A case study is the truck's issues that convey material in which 80%of it is Punjab body (both sided closed) this makes it difficult to load the truck through fork lifter from all sides. It Became time-consuming, chances of material damage, less quality, and enhance the cost.
Another means of transporting textile is through the sea it is also considered the most convenient method with low cost. However, there are some challenges in its implementation, including policy changes and unexpected situations.
A practical example is a problem with the Suez Canal blockage by the giant container ship, which causes a global traffic gam and delay for other conveying vessels. According to a report that 12% of international trade goods transportation passes through the canal. However, the situation is a heavy blow on the supply chain where another conveying ship has to change route and took the long-distance seaway.
Over the past ten months, the US West Coast ports' situation has been a nightmare for all parties involved, especially the global logistics, which are left in awe of their forecasting due to slowdown. Vessels that take about two weeks to arrive in Asia would not discharge for almost a month. At a certain point, the minimal container pick-up time terminal was 15 days. This is just a tiny scenery of how it becomes an alarming concern and a big challenge to keep on-time delivery rate.
Overcapacity in ocean shipping and tightening capacity in domestic shipping in the production country influence the logistics world differently. Drewry and Alphaliner have conducted various studies. They discover that the freight rate is under continuous pressure due to large vessel deliveries. Also, the East coast shipments from Asia are still detrimental by space pressure, increasing the highest levels. However, overcapacity for the west coast remains an issue.
Security is a growing concern in international logistics because goods are being passed from provider to provider. Shippers book the cargo with local truckers in origin, who ships the cargo to the local warehouse for handling. The warehouse then loads the cargo to the truck, which delivers the container to ports. When the shipment arrives at its final destination, it is passed through seven or eight different sets of handlers; unless everyone involved in this process takes careful attention to the process, security becomes a problem.
Other than the aforementioned, lack of talent, pricing pressure, and forecasting challenges due to global economic changes can also be considered general problems.