Before cheap fabric can be made available for the general populace, we should look at the manufacturing process as this is where the production begins. To make affordable and readily available fabric, the raw materials and the final fabrics used to make the clothing must be cheap.
These cheap fabrics are produced from non-renewable fossil fuels and are called petrochemical textiles. They require a certain amount of energy and resources before production can take place. Petrochemical textiles are preferred over other textiles like cotton and plant-based textiles because they are cheaper to manufacture. Chemical-based textiles represent a volume share equivalent to 98,052.6
kilotons in 2020
, as they play an essential role in the entire textile manufacturing industry. The yearly global emission by the textile industry is 1.2 billion
tons of carbon dioxide—10 percent
of humanity's carbon emission.
struggles to get the best possible cost of fabric. It would be interesting to know the vital point to consider for understanding pricing before a manufacturing company could produce a cheap product.
We have the commodities markets- the international global market, where fabric is traded among several buyers and sellers daily, would significantly influence fabric price. The market represents current or real-time supply and demand but can be fluctuate based on the event and another factor that will affect the future market. The global textile market value worth USD 1000.3 billion
as of 2020
, and it is estimated to accumulate at a compound annual rate (CAGR
) of 4.4%
Another vital consideration is that the amount of raw material used to make a fabric is either by the weight or the GSM, which means (gram/sq/meter) of the fabric. However for the same variety of the fabric as the GSM increase, the cost increase. Therefore, when the yarn becomes very fine, the cost of spinning and weaving supersedes the role of GSM; so even though the GSM is similar, the cost of fabric with different yarn quality costs the most.
One of the reasons why costing in the fabric is not stable or independent is the location; it is no news that the Asia Pacific control the market for textile and over 47.6%
share of international revenue in 2020
, owing to the increasing sales volume of clothing and textile goods. Factors like the location of manufacturing and style of manufacturing cannot make the cost cheaper than the global market embeds it as it is aforementioned. Statistically, This also highly impact retail price.
Considering the manufacturing style, take, For instance, a hand-stitched fabric with a unique stitching technique will cost more than a dress with simple stitching. Similarly, different garment styles, e.g., lined garment, legging, or flat-lock seaming, will be done in a factory with expensive machinery. Lately, the fabric recorded industry that the cost of cloth contributes to 60
percent of the retail price. Furthermore, the price determines the sales either positively or otherwise.
Furthermore, fiber durability is also essential, which measures the quality of fiber.
This required a break of the bundle of fibers one textile unit in size. It is a crucial element of the quality of threads. Among another attribute that determines the cheapness and high value of fibers, strength is no minor contributor. Strong fibers are used in several applications, such as wipes and a feminine and baby product. The stronger the fibers, the less prone to tearing fabric becomes, thus commanding a higher price or vice versa.
Now, let talk about quantity demand-- in Europe, the market orders were estimated to be 83,298.9 kilotons in terms of volume in recent years. The report is said to grow at a significant rate over the forecast period. It is obvious to see the economy of scale at work here; the higher the quantity of the fabric, the lower the production cost. You will wonder how? Well, it is pretty simple, buying goods in bulk is almost cheaper than buying them individually. Plan and produce the design to make it cost-effective through the production process, rendering the fiber cost more affordable for the general public.
Whether the company source for raw material for fiber manufacturing right in the country or oversee, the transport logistics of the material from the production company to production site imply additional costs. Which had to be incorporate in purchasing price to account for balance expenses in production. These are mostly known as freight and shipping. Stitching, hemming, printing, and cutting require labor and machinery. If these skills or resources are scarce or located further away from the production site, the retail price will likely increase. Therefore, it is advisable to find a domestic garment pattern maker, designer, and manufacturer. This will lower the total costs. Furthermore, could drive product toward low price affordable for the masses.
While depicting more understanding of the factor influencing the production of fabric
, which it is somewhat accountable for and straightforward,
However, the elements that influence its price, from the complexity of consideration driving the commodities market at large to the multiple factors that drive the classification and grading of quality, can be tough to understand.
Therefore cheapness of fiber or perhaps in the stock market is unpredictable.
Recent research by the University of Texas discovered that 15% of the tested women's underwear that contains azo dyes exceeded the limits set by the EU. This research is a perfect example of why there should be personal concerns on how textile companies made their clothing product, what materials are used, and their effect on the health side instead of demanding cheap fabrics. The fact is that the first-world countries go through more clothing each year than the rest of the world could take up the rescue.
So thousands of tons of apparel end up in third world countries' landfills each year, where they are left to degrade slowly. While this low-quality manufactured clothing degrades, more harmful chemicals are released into the surrounding groundwater and rivers. This effect not only threatens the lives of aquatic animals and poses a significant health risk to the local population through groundwater contamination.
Luckily, the consumers have the power to decide what they purchase and what they wear; this sovereignty could initiate a change in the textile industry through buying only from companies that have concrete sustainability goals and improves the company manufacturing standard.
Therefore, if a company showcases their product to be a high-quality product manufactured from quality material, the cost should not be detrimental because good quality cannot be cheap.